Pronunciation Tips for Popular Expressions with “te Form”
- Pronunciation tips for the “…te imasu” and the “…te kudasai” sentence patterns
- When should you put a pause after “te form”?
- Pronunciation tips for the [“te form”+ “mo”] block and the [“te form” + “wa”] block
Here are some pronunciation tips for the “te form”.
In a textbook, you sometimes find a space after the “te form” whether it is the Hiragana edition or the Romanized one. However, those spaces are placed to show you what parts a sentence consist of, and not to help you with the pronunciation.
1. Pronunciation tips for the “…te imasu” and the “…te kudasai” sentence patterns
When you say the “…te imasu” sentence, say it without a pause after the “te”. In other words, say “tabete imasu” in the following sentence (Ex. 1) in a breath or as one block. That sounds more natural.
Example 1: 毎朝、たまごを食べています。Maiasa, tamago o tabete imasu. (Every morning, I’m eating an egg.)
Actually, the same thing happens to some other popular expressions with the “te form”. For example, “…te kudasai” (Please do…) is one of them. Pronounce “tabete kudasai” in the following (Ex. 2) in one breath as well.
Ex. 2: もうひとつ、食べてください！ Moo hitotsu, tabete kudasai! (Please take one more!)
2. When should you put a pause after “te form”?
But what’s wrong with putting a pause after every “te”?
It’s because that practice is done for a particular meaning.
When someone places a pause and takes a breath immediately after the “-te form” of the verb, the speaker usually continues to another verb in the subsequent part of the sentence. That part of the sentence sometimes shows another activity as you see in Ex. 3, and sometimes shows a result or a conclusion as in Ex. 4:
Ex. 3: たまごを食べて、学校へ行きます。Tamago o tabete, gakkoo e ikimasu. (I will eat an egg and then go to school.)
Ex. 4: たまごを食べて、気分が悪くなりました。Tamago o tabete, kibun ga waruku narimashita. (I ate an egg and [as a result] felt sick.)
Therefore, if you put a pause after “tabete…” in Ex. 1 and Ex. 2, you could make your listener wonder if you were going to say a different verb next. But actually you are about to finish a sentence with “…imasu.” and “…kudasai.” That’s why it would make it easier for us to understand you to say “tabete imasu” and “tabete kudasai” in one breath.
3. Pronunciation tips for the [“te form”+ “mo”] block and the [“te form” + “wa”] block
There is one more thing we would like to tell you on the pronunciation of expressions with “te form”. How do you think you should say the following sentences naturally?
Ex. 5: もうひとつ食べてもいいですか？ Moo hitotsu tabete mo ii desu ka? (May I have one more?)
Ex. 6: このたまごは、食べてはいけません。 Kono tamago wa, tabete wa ikemasen. (Don’t eat these eggs.)
Of course it will be perfect if you can say “tabete mo ii desu ka” in Ex. 5 and “tabete wa ikemasen” in Ex. 6 in one breath. However, but if you would like to take a break, where should it be?
In that case, take a pause after saying “tabete mo” and “tabete wa” as a block, respectively. The reason is after hearing the [“te form”+ “mo”] block or the [“te form” + “wa”] block, we can usually expect the kind of contents in the subsequent part of the sentence.
The [“te form”+ “mo”] block usually means “if I do…” or “even if I do…”, and after that, “ii desu (it is good)” or “ii desu ka? (is it OK?)” is frequently said, completing a sentence to give or request permission.
Also, the [“te form” + “wa”] block means “if I do…” but in this case, the bad results always follow it. It means that this block is always followed by a negative expression such as “ikemasen (not allowed)” “dame desu (no good)” or “narimasen (must not do it)”. It completes as a sentence to decline a request or prohibiting and we can tell it by just hearing the [“te form” + “wa”] block.
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